**Video 010. Probability vs Opportunity – Contrasting English Words**

- Four equal expressions: to flip a coin, to do a coin-flip, to toss a coin, to do a coin-toss
- to get heads, to get tails; it's heads, it's tails
- American and Canadian coins: the penny, the nickel, the dime, the quarter

- a syllable, syllables
- The word "chance" has one syllable: chance
- The word "basket" has two syllables: bas ket
- The word "Italy" has three syllables: i ta ly
- The symbol ˈ is used for primary stress
- The symbol ˌ is used for secondary stress
- The pronunciation of "probability" – ˌpɹɑ bə ˈbɪ lɪ ɾi
- The pronunciation of "opportunity" – ˌɑ pɚˈ tu nə ɾi
- a stress pattern = an accent pattern
- The stress pattern of "probability" is ● • ● • •
- The stress pattern of "opportunity" is ● • ● • •

**Note: In English today, most people use "dice" for the singular and plural – one dice, two dice**- one cube die, one cube dice, two cube dice, three cube dice
- polyhedral dice - dice with many sides (all dice are polyhedral)
- A tetradhedron die has four sides.
- A cube die has six sides.
- An octohedron die has eight sides.
- A pentagonal trapezohedron die has ten sides.
- A dodecahedron die has twelve sides.
- An icosahedron die has twenty sides.

- a roulette wheel, to play roulette
- a lottery ticket, to buy a lottery ticket, to play the lottery
- California is an American state. Oregon is an American state.
**(American) football**- The New England Patriot is a football team in Massachusetts. Massachusetts is an American state.
- The New York Jets is a football team in New Jersey. New Jersey is an American state near New York.
- The Chicago Lions is a football team in Chicago.
- The Detroit Bears is a football team in Detriot.

**The odds are ...****The probability is ...**- In a coin toss, the odds of getting heads are one in two.
- In a coin toss, the probability of getting heads is 50%.
- In a coin toss, the odds of getting tails are one in two.
- In a coin toss, the probability of getting tails is 50%.
- When rolling a six-sided die, the odds of getting a two are one in six.
- When rolling a six-sided die, the probability of getting a two is 17%.
- When rolling two six-sided dice, the odds of getting double sixes are one in thirty-six.
- When rolling two six-sided dice, the probability of getting double sixes is about 2.8%.
- When a roulette wheel is spun, the odds of getting a seventeen are one in thirty-eight. (French roulette is different.)
- When a roulette wheel is spun, the probability of getting a seventeen is about 2.6%.

- This is a job ad. The word "ad" is short for "advertisement."
- A barista works in a coffee shop making espresso. A bartender works in a bar making alcoholic drinks.
- This an opportunity to get a job. It's an opportunity to get a job as a barista.
- This an opportunity to get a job and move to China.
- This an opportunity to get a job as a travel agent in London.
- This an opportunity to become rich.

- A penny is worth one cent.
- A nickel is worth five cents.
- A dime is worth ten cents. (The dime is smaller than the penny and the nickel.)
- A quarter is worth twenty-five cents.
- The US and Canada make fifty-cent coins called "fifty-cent pieces," but they are not commonly used.
- In Canada, the loonie is a dollar coin and the toonie is a two-dollar coin.
- The US has dollar coins, but they are not commonly used.

Watch Video 010 in the EwE Word Contrast series on YouTube.

Download the Video 010 Worksheet.